Moral and Spiritual Qualities
In Buddhism, moral virtue is the foundation of the spiritual path. Sila, often translated as ‘behavioural disciple’, morality or virtue, is one of the three important practices (sila, samatha and panna / prajna). Virtue generates freedom from remorse and this leads, through gladness and joy, to meditative calm, insight and liberation. Ethical action contributes to a good rebirth and thereby towards eventual nibbana / nirvana. If one behaves otherwise then one will suffer in this life and subsequent lives, as a natural result of unwholesome actions (kamma / karma). Particularly important in Buddhism is the value of Compassion, which emphasises empathy and comparing oneself with others. The key basis for ethical action is the reflection that it is inappropriate to inflict on other beings what you find unpleasant yourself.