Jews believe that, as G-d created human beings, therefore G-d is in charge of when they live and when they die. Judaism considers that abortion not only interferes with G-d’s plan for the world but also destroys what has the potential to become a human being. However, according to the Jewish scriptures, the life of a human being is more important than the life of the unborn child. This is shown in this passage from Exodus:
When men fight, and one of them pushes a pregnant woman and a miscarriage results, but no other damage ensues, the one responsible shall be fined according as the woman’s husband may exact from him, the payment to be based on reckoning. But if other damage ensues, the penalty shall be life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise (Exodus 21:22-25).
The argument is when a foetus becomes a human being. The decision was that the foetus became a person at the moment of birth, not at conception. Therefore, abortion is not murder.
The life and well-being of the mother is the most important issue and abortion is acceptable if the mother or child is at risk either physically or mentally or if the pregnancy is the result of rape. The mother must be the person who decides in these circumstances.